Jonas Ranstam's website
Jonas Ranstam, BSc PhD, is a former professor of medical statistics at Lund University, Sweden, and an internationally active medical statistical consultant with extensive experience from collaboration in randomised trials and epidemiological studies. He is a member of the ISI 🔗 and ISCB 🔗 and is particularly interested in statistical reviewing. He has reviewed over 7000 manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals and was in 2016 the overall winner of Publons' Sentinels of Science Award.
Modern medical science was born late. Until the second half of the 20th century, medical research was dogmatic, mainly based on authoritative case reports and expert opinion. During the late 1940s and 1950s, critical considerations and requests for objective evidence became increasingly common. Empirical science combines objective evidence and subjective opinion. Progress is achieved not by expressing more opinion but by developing more evidence, and newly developed evidence must be evaluated accurately and independently of opinion to avoid corrupting the scientific system. Many scientific medical journals, therefore, engage professional statisticians as reviewers of manuscripts submitted for publication. The emphasis of a statistical review is usually on the limitations and weaknesses imposed upon the presented findings by the authors' research question, study design, data collection, and statistical analysis. Completed reviews are usually presented in a brief report to the editorial office describing both errors of commission and omission and suggesting clarification, correction, and reanalysis.